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Brain Injury

Brain Tumour

1. What is Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor is a mass that is made up of abnormal cells.


Brain tumors can be benign or malign. Malign brain tumors are cancer. Benign tumors that develop in the brain are more dangerous compared to benign tumors in the rest of the body. Benign brain tumors can cause injury or even death to the person. It is because the brain is in a closed box and additional tissue pressure can cause problems.

If benign tumors are small and do not display expansion are only monitored. But if they have the risk of increasing the pressure, causing brain edema or brain hernia they can be operated on. An operation can cause full recovery for the benign tumor. But in the tumor that has become cancerous, there is a possibility of expanding to the other tissues or the other parts of the body.

2. Risk Factors for Brain Tumor

  • Family past: All cancers are %5-10 genetic. People who have more than one family member with a brain tumor can consult a doctor.
  • Age: The observation frequency of most brain tumors increases with the age.
  • Race: It is observed more frequently in the white race than in the black race.
  • Being exposed to chemicals
  • Being exposed to radiation

3. Brain Tumor Symptoms

Symptoms differ in accordance with the location and the size of the tumor. While some tumors cause direct brain damage others cause a problem through the mass’ effect that increases the pressure on the brain tissue.


Symptoms observed frequently:

  • Headache: Headache caused by brain damage is most severe in the mornings. It can arise while sleeping; It can get worse while coughing, sneezing, or during exercises.
  • Vomiting,
  • Blurry vision, diplopia(double vision),
  • Blurry consciousness,
  • Seizure,
  • Weakness at one half of the face, arm, or leg, numbness,
  • Change in the cognitive function

Besides, various complaints and symptoms like memory loss, difficulty in writing or reading, changes in hearing, smelling, tasting senses, swallowing problems, dizziness, shaking hands, imbalances, difficulty walking, personality changes, deterioration in bladder or intestine control, constraint in the eye movement, asymmetry in pupils.

4. Brain Tumor Diagnosis

Diagnosis is made through the inspection of the complaints, physical inspection, laboratory investigation, and screening methods. Brain CT and cranial MR are the main techniques for showing intracranial masses.

5. Brain Tumor Treatment

The type of the tumor, size, location and general medical condition of the person designates the treatment methodology.


The treatment generally involves an operation. The aim is to take out the entirety or the part of the tumor without harming the healthy brain tissue. In this sense, the location of the tumor designates how much of an intervention can be done. Secondary brain tumors are treated through the treatment guideline of the cancers they originated from. The operation can be used in combination with radiotherapy and chemotherapy.


Physiotherapy and rehabilitation are required to overcome the functional disabilities that the person faces after the operation.

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar has more than 15 years of experience in the areas of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Algology and Electrodiagnostic Neurology.

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