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Symptoms of Stroke

When the blood flow to the brain stops, the nerve cells start to die within minutes. For this reason, the symptoms of the stroke must be detected swiftly and the person must be taken to the health institution urgently. While the early treatment of the stroke increases the survivability of the person it also eases the possible disability due to the stroke.

1. What is the fastest way to detect stroke?

For the early detection of the stroke face, arms and speech should be evaluated swiftly. This test is coded as FAST in English to make it easy to remember.

  • Face: Ask the person to smile. Check if one-half of the face stands numb. Dropping of the face, drooping of one half of the face, or dripping of saliva from the side of the mouth are symptoms of a stroke.


  • Arms: Ask the person to raise both arms. One of the arms stays down? Weakening of arms or legs, being unable to hold something, being unable to lift the leg, sudden numbness of arms or legs, feeling as if our arms or legs do not belong to us are symptoms of a stroke.


  • Speech: Ask the person to say one small sentence. Is he or she having a lisp or speaking oddly? Speech disorder, sudden change in speech, twisting of the tongue, and speaking incomprehensively are symptoms of a stroke.


  • Time: If you are experiencing any of these symptoms call 112 without losing any time.

2. What are the symptoms of a stroke? What are the indicators that signal a stroke?

Sometimes a stroke makes its way gradually not suddenly. In case of any existing symptoms listed under call 112:

  • Numbness in the face, arms or legs, one half of the body, sensory loss or weakness.
  • Confusion inability to understand other people
  • Difficulty speaking and/or swallowing
  • Sudden loss of vision, visual impairment in one or both eyes
  • Problem walking and balancing
  • Sudden and severe headache that started without reason
  • Loss of consciousness, sudden falls, black-outs
  • Ignoring one side of the body
  • Urine incontinence

In patients who experienced a stroke, unwanted situations like spasms in the arms and legs, shoulder aches, depression, infection, epilepsy, neuropathic pain can emerge in the future.

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar has more than 15 years of experience in the areas of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Algology and Electrodiagnostic Neurology.

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