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Low Back Pain

85% of people suffer from low back pain at least once in their lifetime. Low back pain is one of the most common reasons for consulting a doctor today. Low back pain is not a disease, it’s just a symptom.


Low back pain can only be in the form of pain in the lumbar region, it can also be in the form of widespread back and low back pain, low back pain spreading to the hips and legs, and low back pain accompanied by a feeling of stiffness and stiffness, especially in the morning. Low back pain that spreads to the legs does not always mean a herniated disc.


When low back pain is severe or long-lasting, it can negatively affect people’s daily and work lives, significantly reducing their quality of their lives.


Complaints such as numbness in the leg, feeling defect, muscle weakness, feeling of heaviness in the leg, urinary incontinence in low back pain accompanying low back pain that do not regress in a short time or even increase in character are important signs of the severity of low back pain. 90% of low back pain heals in 12 weeks or less, and 10% develops chronic low back pain.

1. How is the treatment of Low Back Pain?

Laboratory tests and imaging methods are often insufficient in determining the causes of low back pain. For this reason, the correct diagnosis can be made with a careful physical examination. Among the diseases that cause low back pain, the frequency of conditions requiring surgery constitutes only 1-3% of all seriousness.


Most of the time, it is possible to treat low back pain quickly with simple measures, medications, physical therapy methods and injections to the waist area.

2. What causes Low Back Pain?

  • Spinal Disc Herniation
  • Waist Strain – Muscle Spasm
  • Spine Problems (scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis…)
  • Walking Disorders
  • Stress Fracture
  • Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
  • Reflected Aches
  • Infections
  • Tumoral Problems
  • Spine Curvaturation
  • Rheumatic Diseases
Low back pain is not a disease, it's just a symptom.

3.How can Low Back Pain be prevented?

The lumbar region consists of 5 vertebrae and between these vertebrae there are discs, ligaments and muscles around them. Its most important task is to carry the weight of the body. In order to fulfill this task, strong muscles are needed as well as healthy vertebrae and discs. If the muscles around the waist, especially the waist, abdomen and hips, are strong, this area will be less burdened and less strained. In this case, strengthening the necessary muscles and protecting the spine health will be effective in preventing back pain problems that may occur.

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar

Prof. Dr. Engin Çakar has more than 15 years of experience in the areas of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Algology and Electrodiagnostic Neurology.

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